Tuesday, December 24, 2019
The first day of high school, going to prom, learning to drive, graduating, getting a job, and buying the first car Ã¢â¬â these are some of the memorable events that occur in the life of an average American teenager. However, now more than ever, another event has been added to many teenagersÃ¢â¬â¢ lists: becoming a parent. Teen pregnancy is not a new issue; in fact, it has been a rising concern in the United States for decades. Voluntary efforts have been made by organizations such as Healthy Teen Network, The National Campaign, and Advocates for Youth to help reduce the overwhelming existence of teen pregnancy. Though health care clinics, teen parenting help programs, and alternative schools for pregnant women, pregnancy organizations haveÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Or perhaps, as CBS reporter David Sutta argues, it is simply because Ã¢â¬Å"more teens now think itÃ¢â¬â¢s hip to have a baby on your hipÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Study: Teen PregnancyÃ¢â¬ ). No matter the reason , many teens today are finding themselves pregnant and faced with the consequences that follow. Plainly speaking, teens are not cut out to take on the responsibilities as parents and supporters of a family. This is seen through the host of problems that are closely linked to teen pregnancy. For example, many teen mothers struggle as single parents due to the absence of the father. The National Campaign discovered in a recent study that, sadly, eight out of ten fathers do not marry the teen mother (Ã¢â¬Å"National DataÃ¢â¬ ). As a result, two out of three teen moms never finish high school and depend on welfare to get by (Ã¢â¬Å"National DataÃ¢â¬ ). In addition, teen pregnancy is directly associated with potential health risks for the mother and the baby. Babies born to teen mothers are at a higher risk of physical complications, such as low birth weight and organs not fully developed, than babies born to women in their twenties and thirties. These health issues can lead t o respiratory distress, bleeding in the brain, vision loss, and intestinal problems (Ã¢â¬Å"Pregnancy Fact SheetsÃ¢â¬ ). Teen mothers may also suffer from health problems if they cannot afford to receive regular prenatal care and pay for nutritious foods. Finally, teenShow MoreRelatedMarriage12231 Words Ã |Ã 49 PagesCHAPTER 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND INTRODUCTION Marriage is one of the deepest and most complex involvements of human relationships. It is a corner stone of society and a very necessary part of the social system. It is a crucial and sacred bond between two personalities merging into one for ideas, attitudes, habits and likes and dislikes. In Philippines marriage is considered a lifelong partnership. It is the foundation stone on which the family is built. Basically marriage is a socialRead MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words Ã |Ã 1617 Pages978-0-13-612100-8 1. ManagementÃ¢â¬â-Study and teaching. 2. ManagementÃ¢â¬âProblems, exercises, etc. Kim S. II. Title. HD30.4.W46 2011 658.40071 173Ã¢â¬âdc22 I. Cameron, 2009040522 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 ISBN 10: 0-13-612100-4 ISBN 13: 978-0-13-612100-8 B R I E F TA B L E O F C O N T E N T S Preface xvii Introduction 1 PART I 1 2 3 PERSONAL SKILLS 44 Developing Self-Awareness 45 Managing Personal Stress 105 Solving Problems Analytically and Creatively 167 PART II 4 5 6 7 INTERPERSONALRead More_x000C_Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis355457 Words Ã |Ã 1422 PagesDesigning a Sampling Plan 63 Activity 2.2 An Experiment to Test for the Stroop Effect 64 Activity 2.3 McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s and the Next 100 Billion Burgers 64 Activity 2.4 Video Games and Pain Management 65 Graphing Calculator Explorations 69 3 Graphical Methods for Describing Data 75 3.1 Displaying Categorical Data: Comparative Bar Charts and Pie Charts 76 3.2 Displaying Numerical Data: Stem-and-Leaf Displays 87 vii viii Ã¢â" Contents 3.3 Displaying Numerical Data: Frequency DistributionsRead MoreFundamentals of Hrm263904 Words Ã |Ã 1056 PagesEntrepreneurial Enterprise 48 HRM in a Global Environment 48 HR and Corporate Ethics Summary 50 Demonstrating Comprehension: Questions for Review 51 Key Terms 51 52 HRM Workshop 49 Guarding Against Discrimination Practices 65 DID YOU KNOW?: Is a Problem Brewing? 66 Determining Potential Discriminatory Practices 66 The 4/5ths Rule 66 Restricted Policy 66 Geographical Comparisons 67 McDonnell-Douglas Test 67 Responding to an EEO Charge 67 Business Necessity 68 Bona Fide Occupational Qualifications
Monday, December 16, 2019
There is no scent of a vampire anywhere near us, Emmett thought while looking around the darkened grounds. All clear here, Alice looked through the future. HeÃ¢â¬â¢ll show up, but he wonÃ¢â¬â¢t bother usÃ¢â¬ ¦he wants her to himself. We will write a custom essay sample on The Twilight Saga 5: Midnight Sun 21. Goodbye or any similar topic only for you Order Now Looking out through the window of the Jeep I could see no sign of the tracker. I was secretly hoping that he wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t show up. Putting Bella in the line of danger was burning holes through me. Ã¢â¬Å"HeÃ¢â¬â¢s not here,Ã¢â¬ my voice was tense. Ã¢â¬Å"LetÃ¢â¬â¢s go,Ã¢â¬ I firmly commanded. I gave Emmett a tight nod and he started unbuckling BellaÃ¢â¬â¢s harness. I could hear her pulse start to race as her breathing became harsh and ragged. Her breath filled my lungs, reminding me forcibly of the precious creature I would be protecting this evening. SheÃ¢â¬â¢s worriedÃ¢â¬ ¦so human. Ã¢â¬Å"DonÃ¢â¬â¢t worry, Bella,Ã¢â¬ Emmett said in an amused voice, Ã¢â¬Å"weÃ¢â¬â¢ll take care of things here quickly.Ã¢â¬ Moisture was beginning to build up in BellaÃ¢â¬â¢s eyes and in that most fleeting of seconds I wanted to take her and run ?C run thousands of miles ?C just me and her, together. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s not an option, AliceÃ¢â¬â¢s vision swirled in her head before it went up in a wisp of smoke as I realized she was right. We should hurry, her thoughts were strained as the many smoky and shadowy figures shifted and disappeared with each decision that was being made. Ã¢â¬Å"Alice, Emmett,Ã¢â¬ I called. I hope heÃ¢â¬â¢s here! This is going to be so much fun! Emmett ran away gleefully. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t worry, Edward. WeÃ¢â¬â¢ll keep her safe. Alice slid silently into the trees. Bella was showing extraordinary strength for someone so human. I swept out of the Jeep and opened the back door to see BellaÃ¢â¬â¢s face which was still full of sadness and my protective side took a different turn as I took her hand and brought her to my side to comfort and protect her. As the terror rose in my chest I was beginning to drag my feet reluctantly towards her door, where she would leave me to go inside. I knew the only safe place for her was in my arms. Our footsteps echoed in the silence but I was not oblivious to my surroundings as we walked; my eyes continually darting from every corner of the open space like we were in the middle of a war. I hear someone approaching, Emmett resisted the temptation to attack but his thoughts were always wildly enthusiastic about the prospect. Ã¢â¬Å"Fifteen minutes,Ã¢â¬ I reminded Bella while stealing a glance to look at her face, an icy surge of terror rising in the pit of my stomach. Tiny tears began seeping from beneath her eye lids as she looked up into my eyes. Ã¢â¬Å"I can do this,Ã¢â¬ she sniffed like she was trying to convince herself more than me. The lights on the porch were on, making her tears reflect the light as soon as we ascended the last step. She turned around to face me, bringing her warm hands to my face, sending a quivering feeling through my body in the most hostile of times. Ã¢â¬Å"I love you,Ã¢â¬ Bella said intensely. Ã¢â¬Å"I will always love you, no matter what happens now.Ã¢â¬ What did she think was going to happen to her? An odd chill ran up my spine. Ã¢â¬Å"Nothing is going to happen to you, Bella,Ã¢â¬ I replied fiercely. Ã¢â¬Å"Just follow the plan, okay? Keep Charlie safe for me. HeÃ¢â¬â¢s not going to like me very much after this, and I want to have the chance to apologize later,Ã¢â¬ she looked up at me with her tear stained face. I could feel my heart sinking as I took in her pitiful expression. Before I could show this emotion on my face I heard the thoughts of my family from the woods, distracting me again. TheyÃ¢â¬â¢re here ?C only James and Victoria. Alice thought flatly. Laurent went to see Carlisle ?C or ?C to warn him. They are keeping their distance. They caught our scent. Emmett was still hoping for a fight. Well, well, wellÃ¢â¬ ¦ I heard JamesÃ¢â¬â¢ thoughts. This is going to be a lot more fun than I realized, a laugh escaped his lips at the prospect of his new hunt. Ã¢â¬Å"Get inside, Bella. We have to hurry,Ã¢â¬ I said urgently while leaning over her protectively. Ã¢â¬Å"One more thing,Ã¢â¬ she whispered hastily. Ã¢â¬Å"DonÃ¢â¬â¢t listen to another word I say tonight!Ã¢â¬ Instantly her lips were on mine, sending warmth and pleasant electric shocks through my body. I forgot where I was for a fraction of a second before she pulled away, tears still streaming down her face. Her expression changed to searing anger, she turned on her heal and kicked the front door open. Ã¢â¬Å"Go away, Edward!Ã¢â¬ her voice was a scream before she slammed the door in my face. I stood there looking at the door in stunned disbelief; my breath being temporarily robbed. The feelings pulsing through me were oddly disembodying. Shrugging off the sensation as best I could, I continued to look around the cool misty grounds, stealing glances through my siblingsÃ¢â¬â¢ minds along with CharlieÃ¢â¬â¢s. James continued to keep his distance even though his thoughts were smug and optimistic to the point of foolishness. What is she doing? Emmett wondered. I underestimated herÃ¢â¬ ¦ hilarious, this should be entertaining! Ã¢â¬Å"Bella?Ã¢â¬ Charlie called out anxiously at his daughterÃ¢â¬â¢s angry words. Ã¢â¬Å"Move closer and see if you can get a better look at whatÃ¢â¬â¢s going on,Ã¢â¬ I heard James order Victoria. Better her neck than mine, James thought coldly. Ã¢â¬Å"Leave me alone!Ã¢â¬ Bella shouted back at Charlie. CharlieÃ¢â¬â¢s thoughts were incoherent with panic at his daughterÃ¢â¬â¢s obvious pain. He began pounding on her door while startling flashes of insight and thought filled my mind. Ã¢â¬Å"The human is fighting with her father,Ã¢â¬ Victoria told James after returning to him. This I have to see, James thought menacingly. HeÃ¢â¬â¢s on the move, Alice warned me. If he gets too close IÃ¢â¬â¢ll take care of him, Emmett thought pleasantly. My eyes searched the forest for any sign of the tracker but came up empty. I continued to stand protectively below BellaÃ¢â¬â¢s window. James moved in to hear the conversations going on inside the house but stayed clear of my vision. My concentration flew up fifteen feet to where Bella was. Ã¢â¬Å"Bella, are you okay? WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s going on?Ã¢â¬ Charlie called out, frightened. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m going home,Ã¢â¬ she shouted angrily. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s almost believable ?C chuckle ?C this is getting good, EmmettÃ¢â¬â¢s amusement was heightened at her acting. Ã¢â¬Å"Did he hurt you?Ã¢â¬ Charlie asked, disjointed anger rising in his thoughts. NoÃ¢â¬ ¦he protects her, James thought with great disgust. At their thoughts I snapped. I flew through the air swiftly entering her bedroom through the window, starting to grab anything and everything from her dresser in a fierce attempt to speed the process. Ã¢â¬Å"No!Ã¢â¬ Bella shouted back at her dad while she ran around her room, packing her belongings. She hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t noticed my presence until she turned to her dresser. Her eyes found mine and they were full of sadness and guilt. Before I could pull her into my embrace we were interrupted. Ã¢â¬Å"Did he break up with you?Ã¢â¬ Charlie asked, perplexed by her sudden angst. Ã¢â¬Å"No!Ã¢â¬ Bella shrieked at Charlie again while shoving handfuls of clothes into her bag. Victoria is heading to our house because she knows that we plan to bring Bella there. Alice informed me. Charlie began beating on BellaÃ¢â¬â¢s door, panic rushing his mind. Ã¢â¬Å"What happened, Bella?Ã¢â¬ Charlie shouted through the door. Ã¢â¬Å"I broke up with him!Ã¢â¬ she shouted back. She was jerking her hand on the zipper of the bag so I caught her hand gently with mine and zipped it for her. I picked up the bag and gently placed it on her shoulder. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢ll be in the truck ?C go!Ã¢â¬ I whispered and lightly pushed her towards her door, trying to press the fact that we needed to get far away from James. I jumped out of the window. Ã¢â¬Å"What happened?Ã¢â¬ Charlie asked when she opened her door, following her downstairs. Ã¢â¬Å"I thought you liked him?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I do like him ?C thatÃ¢â¬â¢s the problem. I canÃ¢â¬â¢t do this anymore! I canÃ¢â¬â¢t put down anymore roots here! I donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to end up trapped in this stupid, boring town like Mom! IÃ¢â¬â¢m not going to make the same dumb mistake she did. I hate it ?C I canÃ¢â¬â¢t stay here another minute!Ã¢â¬ Bella yelled in a desperate attempt to convince Charlie to let her go. SheÃ¢â¬â¢s good, Emmett thought. She is setting up an escapeÃ¢â¬ ¦clever, but not clever enough. James thought. Things are about to get real interesting, James sneered in his head. Ã¢â¬Å"Bells, you canÃ¢â¬â¢t leave now. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s nighttime,Ã¢â¬ Charlie whispered to her with pure sadness in his voice. CharlieÃ¢â¬â¢s shocked thoughts were over powering as each word lashed at him, causing him pain. Oh yes she can. Come on little girl, come out to play. James snarled with great smugness. I resisted the temptation to whip around and attack him. That is not a good idea, Alice thought in hollow tones. Flashes of the future floated into her mind but disintegrated when I decided not to follow through with my plan. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢ll sleep in the truck if I get tired,Ã¢â¬ Bella responded to Charlie, her voice emotionless. Ã¢â¬Å"Just wait another week,Ã¢â¬ Charlie begged. Ã¢â¬Å"Rene will be back by then.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"What?Ã¢â¬ Bella stuttered. We need to get her out of there, Alice pushed. Ã¢â¬Å"She called while you were out.Ã¢â¬ Charlie knew he had caught her off guard. Ã¢â¬Å"Things arenÃ¢â¬â¢t going so well in Florida, and if Phil doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t get signed by the end of the week, theyÃ¢â¬â¢re going back to Arizona. The assistant coach of the Sidewinders said they might have a spot for another shortstop.Ã¢â¬ Arizona is it? Surely she wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t actually go there. HumÃ¢â¬ ¦ JamesÃ¢â¬â¢ thoughts trailed off. Ã¢â¬Å"I have a key,Ã¢â¬ Bella retorted to CharlieÃ¢â¬â¢s pitiful attempt at keeping her there. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s right. Just come outside. James was wistful. If it werenÃ¢â¬â¢t for our presence James would have already attacked. I was instantly becoming nervous at our plan. Is this plan going to back fire? I wondered gravely. We would shortly be in her very slow truck driving several miles towards my house before she would be in the protective custody of seven vampires. Ã¢â¬Å"Just let me go, Charlie.Ã¢â¬ Bella said softly. Ã¢â¬Å"It didnÃ¢â¬â¢t work out, okay? I really, really hate Forks!Ã¢â¬ This is really going to hurt Charlie, Alice thought sadly. Bella walked out of the house. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢ll call you tomorrow!Ã¢â¬ she yelled back to Charlie. She jumped into her truck and the engine roared to life. She backed out and squealed her tires on the asphalt as she sped away. I was running next to her truck and jumped in. She was trembling and tears were leaking out of her eye lashes in massive amounts. Ã¢â¬Å"Pull over,Ã¢â¬ I said softly. Ã¢â¬Å"I can drive,Ã¢â¬ she barely sputtered a sobbing protest. Now the fun begins! James thought while running behind us. IÃ¢â¬â¢m right behind you, Edward. DonÃ¢â¬â¢t worry, he wonÃ¢â¬â¢t try anything, Alice reassured me. I looked at BellaÃ¢â¬â¢s face and pain knotted my stomach at the thought of her grief in this moment. I wanted to do something but I couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t think of how to comfort her. She was barely staying in between the lines on the road, probably because her vision was blinded by more tears. I grabbed her waist and put my foot on the gas pedal, moving her warm body over mine until I was the one driving. Ã¢â¬Å"You wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be able to find the house,Ã¢â¬ I tried to explain to her in a way that wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t upset her anymore than she already was. The lights of the Jeep flashed across the truck and she turned to look out of the window, horror displayed in her eyes. Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s just Alice,Ã¢â¬ I immediately tried to soothe her by cradling her hand in mine. At my touch she sighed and began to relax, though her face showed a great sadness. Ã¢â¬Å"The tracker?Ã¢â¬ Bella whispered. Ã¢â¬ ¦is running behind us. EmmettÃ¢â¬â¢s a few steps ahead of him, Alice informed me of the situation outside the truck but I was too intent on continued to leak from her eyes as she looked up at me. Ã¢â¬Å"He heard the end of your performance,Ã¢â¬ I said with the deepest of loathing while remembering his thoughts. Ã¢â¬Å"Charlie?Ã¢â¬ she looked like she was going to choke from the word. Alice quickly began scanning for CharlieÃ¢â¬â¢s future Ã¢â¬â which was solidly there. His future looks bright, she added. Ã¢â¬Å"The tracker followed us. HeÃ¢â¬â¢s running behind us now.Ã¢â¬ I continued to try and calm her nerves. Ã¢â¬Å"Can we outrun him?Ã¢â¬ she asked anxious and curious. In that truck? Funny, Emmett mused. Ã¢â¬Å"No,Ã¢â¬ I pressed the gas pedal down to the floor, emphasizing EmmettÃ¢â¬â¢s thoughts. The truck groaned, sputtered and continued to move at its regular fifty-five. Nice try, but that truck isnÃ¢â¬â¢t going any faster. Emmett thought before jumping in the back, highly amused by the whole situation. A high pitched scream exited BellaÃ¢â¬â¢s parted lips and I reached up, clamping my hand across her mouth to quiet her. Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s Emmett,Ã¢â¬ I explained while removing my hand from her face. Her face was screwed up in anguish and terror so I wound my arm around her waist and brought her into my side. I felt better immediately at her closeness because this was the safest place for her to be. Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s okay Bella,Ã¢â¬ I promised, though I wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t sure if my promise was empty. Ã¢â¬Å"YouÃ¢â¬â¢re going to be safe.Ã¢â¬ Her face still showed a twist of emotions: terror, panic, and sadness. Expelling all thoughts that were around me I concentrated every last particle of my mind on the one person who needed me most ?C Bella. I needed to distract her and to distract myself. I knew the best way to get her talking was to make an assumption, which she would undoubtedly correct for me Ã¢â¬â usually with a lengthy explanation. Ã¢â¬Å"I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t realize you were still so bored with small-town life,Ã¢â¬ I began, looking sideways at her face. Ã¢â¬Å"It seemed like you were adjusting fairly well ?C especially recently. Maybe I was just flattering myself that I was making life more interesting for you.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"I wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t being nice,Ã¢â¬ she thwarted my attempts at a diversion while gazing down. Ã¢â¬Å"That was the same thing my mom said when she left him. You could say I was hitting below the belt.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"DonÃ¢â¬â¢t worry. HeÃ¢â¬â¢ll forgive you,Ã¢â¬ my lips turned up in an attempt to ease her pain. She returned her gaze to mine and her eyes were still wide with panic. Ã¢â¬Å"Bella, itÃ¢â¬â¢s going to be all right.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"But it wonÃ¢â¬â¢t be all right when IÃ¢â¬â¢m not with you,Ã¢â¬ her lips barely let the whisper escape. Ã¢â¬Å"WeÃ¢â¬â¢ll be together again in a few days,Ã¢â¬ I tightened my grip on her, realizing that I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t ever want her to leave my protective custody. Ã¢â¬Å"DonÃ¢â¬â¢t forget that this was your idea.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"It was the best idea ?C of course it was mine,Ã¢â¬ she replied smugly and a smile crept up my face at the sign of a new emotion, but it was fleeting at best. Ã¢â¬Å"Why did this happen?Ã¢â¬ she choked. Ã¢â¬Å"Why me?Ã¢â¬ I stared out into the darkness realizing that it was my error. You idiot, moron! I knew that there were others in the vicinity and in a moment of happiness I forgot the dangers that could befall a human, especially one that smelled as tempting as she did. Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s my fault ?C I was a fool to expose you like that.Ã¢â¬ I replied with rage present in my voice. Ã¢â¬Å"ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s not what I meant,Ã¢â¬ she said exasperated. Ã¢â¬Å"I was there, big deal. It didnÃ¢â¬â¢t bother the other two. Why did this James decide to kill me? ThereÃ¢â¬â¢re people all over the place, why me?Ã¢â¬ In my attempt to block out all thoughts one still protruded into my mind, answering the question for me. Because you are protected by seven vampires ?C something I have never come across. This is the best challenge, yet. I couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t have asked for anything better than this! James thought hungrily for the hunt. I hesitated before answering BellaÃ¢â¬â¢s question, trying to word it in a way that wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t scare her beyond her current state of terror though the cold fury that was in every line of my face was obvious to her. Ã¢â¬Å"I got a good look at his mind tonight,Ã¢â¬ I began in a low voice. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m not sure if thereÃ¢â¬â¢s anything I could have done to avoid this, once he saw you. It is partially your fault.Ã¢â¬ I looked at her reflection in the glass. Ã¢â¬Å"If you didnÃ¢â¬â¢t smell so appallingly luscious, he might not have bothered. But when I defended youÃ¢â¬ ¦well, that made it a lot worse. HeÃ¢â¬â¢s not used to being thwarted, no matter how insignificant the object. He thinks of himself as a hunter and nothing else. His existence is consumed with tracking, and a challenge is all he asks of life. Suddenly weÃ¢â¬â¢ve presented him with a beautiful challenge ?C a large clan of strong fighters all bent on protecting the one vulnerable element. You wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t believe how euphoric he is now. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s his favorite game, and weÃ¢â¬â¢ve just made it his most exciting game ever,Ã¢â¬ I said in disgust. I will win, JamesÃ¢â¬â¢s thoughts were rapt and exultant. I hesitated, trying to control the sensation that was building in my chest to pull over and attack. I controlled my urge and continued. Ã¢â¬Å"But if I had stood by, he would have killed you right then,Ã¢â¬ I said, frustrated. Ã¢â¬Å"I thoughtÃ¢â¬ ¦I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t smell the same to the othersÃ¢â¬ ¦as I do to you,Ã¢â¬ she said hesitantly. Ã¢â¬Å"You donÃ¢â¬â¢t. But that doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t mean that you arenÃ¢â¬â¢t still a temptation to every one of them. If you had appealed to the tracker ?C or any of them ?C the same way you appeal to me, it would have meant a fight right there.Ã¢â¬ I felt her quiver. Ã¢â¬Å"I donÃ¢â¬â¢t think I have any choice but to kill him now,Ã¢â¬ I muttered. Ã¢â¬Å"Carlisle wonÃ¢â¬â¢t like it.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"How can you kill a vampire?Ã¢â¬ she asked through her petrified sobs. Glad IÃ¢â¬â¢m not the one to tell her this one, Emmett chuckled and I ignored him. My focus was solely on Bella. Her gaze met mine and I could see the darkness of my face and eyes as I spoke. Ã¢â¬Å"The only way to be sure is to tear him to shreds, and then burn the pieces.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"And the other two will fight with him?Ã¢â¬ Always so full of questions, isnÃ¢â¬â¢t she? Alice mused. Ã¢â¬Å"The woman will. IÃ¢â¬â¢m not sure about Laurent. They donÃ¢â¬â¢t have a very strong bond ?C heÃ¢â¬â¢s only with them for convenience. He was embarrassed by James in the meadowÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"But James and the woman ?C theyÃ¢â¬â¢ll try to kill you?Ã¢â¬ she choked. You silly girl! You are the fragile one, the breakable one ?C the one that is being hunted, I internally replied. Ã¢â¬Å"Bella, donÃ¢â¬â¢t you dare waste time worrying about me. Your only concern is keeping yourself safe and ?C please, please ?C trying not to be reckless.Ã¢â¬ I pleaded. Ã¢â¬Å"Is he still following?Ã¢â¬ she asked. Yes, heÃ¢â¬â¢s keeping his distance; heÃ¢â¬â¢s pretty keen not to be seen. He wonÃ¢â¬â¢t come after Bella tonight, Alice informed me. Ã¢â¬Å"Yes. He wonÃ¢â¬â¢t attack the house, though. Not tonight.Ã¢â¬ I replied while turning onto my driveway. After the several mile drive to the house we could finally see the distant lights of the house becoming larger and clearer. I could immediately hear the thoughts of Laurent. I canÃ¢â¬â¢t believe they live like this ?C Amazing! I canÃ¢â¬â¢t understand why they are planning on ruining all of this for a human. Laurent thought in astonishment. HeÃ¢â¬â¢s at the forest edge, IÃ¢â¬â¢ll grab Bella. Emmett thought while jumping out of the truck and running alongside it. When we were coming to a stop he opened the door and pulled Bella under his coat and ran her towards the house and through the front door, Alice and I at their side. Relief flowed through my veins now that she was inside, protected. Everyone stood at our arrival. I canÃ¢â¬â¢t believe this crap, Rosalie was muttering. Oh thank heavens they are all right, Esme and Carlisle both thought, relieved. Laurent stood in the mist of my family members, his eyes a gleaming ominous red, making the difference between us and them stand out. What the hell is he doing in our house? I might get that fight after all, a feral snarl ripped up EmmettÃ¢â¬â¢s throat, low and vibrating. He sat Bella down next to him, preparing to pounce. Ã¢â¬Å"HeÃ¢â¬â¢s tracking us,Ã¢â¬ I stared coldly at Laurent. Ã¢â¬Å"I was afraid of that,Ã¢â¬ Laurent frowned. I could hear James as he began thinking strategy in his mind, he was going to meet up with Victoria who was already waiting for him a short distance from the house. Ã¢â¬Å"What will he do?Ã¢â¬ Carlisle asked Laurent in chilling tones. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m sorry,Ã¢â¬ Laurent began. Ã¢â¬Å"I was afraid, when your boy there defended her, that it would set him off.Ã¢â¬ Same old games, Laurent thought angrily in his head. Ã¢â¬Å"Can you stop him?Ã¢â¬ Carlisle questioned. IÃ¢â¬â¢ll stop him, Emmett roared internally. Ã¢â¬Å"Nothing stops James when he gets started.Ã¢â¬ Laurent answered while shaking his head in frustration. Ã¢â¬Å"WeÃ¢â¬â¢ll stop him,Ã¢â¬ Emmett promised him. Ã¢â¬Å"You canÃ¢â¬â¢t bring him down. IÃ¢â¬â¢ve never seen anything like him in my three hundred years. HeÃ¢â¬â¢s absolutely lethal. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s why I joined his coven.Ã¢â¬ Laurent said doubtfully. His head began to shake back and forth again, this time in confusion. Why her? What is so special about this human girl that would make them want to provoke such a vicious hunter? He stole a look at Bella, and then turned back to Carlisle, perplexed by the situation. Ã¢â¬Å"Are you sure itÃ¢â¬â¢s worth it?Ã¢â¬ A growl formed in my stomach and ripped up my throat so loudly that it had him cringing away from me in fear. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m afraid youÃ¢â¬â¢re going to have to make a choice.Ã¢â¬ Carlisle said gravely. This is one hell of a life style to live in. But James ?C I could never defeat James. They mentioned something about a settlement in Denali. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m intrigued by the life youÃ¢â¬â¢ve created here. But I wonÃ¢â¬â¢t get in the middle of this. I bear none of you any enmity, but I wonÃ¢â¬â¢t go up against James. I think I will head north ?C to that clan in Denali,Ã¢â¬ should I warn them? Oh, why not! Ã¢â¬Å"DonÃ¢â¬â¢t underestimate James. HeÃ¢â¬â¢s got a brilliant mind and unparalleled senses. HeÃ¢â¬â¢s every bit as comfortable in the human world as you seem to be, and he wonÃ¢â¬â¢t come at you head onÃ¢â¬ ¦IÃ¢â¬â¢m sorry for whatÃ¢â¬â¢s been unleashed here. Truly sorry.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Go in peace,Ã¢â¬ Carlisle said quietly. Hum, I hope it is like this in Denali, Laurent wondered, looking around before sweeping out of the house, his thoughts fading with distance. Carlisle turned to meet my gaze. Ã¢â¬Å"How close?Ã¢â¬ IÃ¢â¬â¢m going to seal off all entrances to the house, Esme thought while walking over to the wall, pressing a key pad Ã¢â¬â making large metal walls creek and groan as they sealed up the glass wall. Ã¢â¬Å"About three miles out past the river; heÃ¢â¬â¢s circling around to meet up with the female.Ã¢â¬ I explained. Just drop her off at the riverÃ¢â¬â¢s bank and get this over with, Rosalie sneered in her head. I ignored her thoughts. Ã¢â¬Å"WhatÃ¢â¬â¢s the plan?Ã¢â¬ Carlisle asked. Ã¢â¬Å"WeÃ¢â¬â¢ll lead him off, and then Jasper and Alice will run her south.Ã¢â¬ I explained to him in a hurry. South? Interesting choice. Ã¢â¬Å"And then?Ã¢â¬ Carlisle asked. Ã¢â¬Å"As soon as Bella is clear, we hunt him.Ã¢â¬ I replied darkly. Well, we know we wonÃ¢â¬â¢t let them hurt Bella. Ã¢â¬Å"I guess thereÃ¢â¬â¢s no other choice,Ã¢â¬ Carlisle agreed but his lips were turned down into a frown. I turned to Rosalie. She needed to learn that Bella is now a part of our family. Ã¢â¬Å"Get her upstairs and trade clothes,Ã¢â¬ I commanded. Her thoughts sputtered incoherently for several seconds before anger surged through her mouth. Ã¢â¬Å"Why should I?Ã¢â¬ she said vehemently. Ã¢â¬Å"What is she to me? Except a menace ?C a danger youÃ¢â¬â¢ve chosen to inflict on all of us.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"RoseÃ¢â¬ ¦,Ã¢â¬ Emmett put a hand on her shoulder but she shrugged it off. Please ignore her, sheÃ¢â¬â¢ll come around one of these days, please, Emmett begged for Rosalie. With everything that Emmett has been doing for me lately I decided that I would do something for him. I ignored RosalieÃ¢â¬â¢s jibe and changed tack in the speed of light. IÃ¢â¬â¢ll do it, Edward. Esme suggested. I turned to her, Ã¢â¬Å"Esme?Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"Of course,Ã¢â¬ she responded immediately. Esme flew to BellaÃ¢â¬â¢s side and without flinching brought her into her grasp and raced upstairs. Once Bella was upstairs everyone was in a hurry, running around packing their belongings or preparing for their independent trips. I continued to ignore RosalieÃ¢â¬â¢s thoughts as they grew meaner and more visual. Ã¢â¬Å"Rosalie, you will take BellaÃ¢â¬â¢s truck. Esme will go with you,Ã¢â¬ I commanded. Ã¢â¬Å"You want me to ride in thatÃ¢â¬ ¦thatÃ¢â¬ ¦thing?Ã¢â¬ she barked. Ã¢â¬Å"Please, Rose. Do it for me,Ã¢â¬ Emmett asked softly. Ã¢â¬Å"I wonÃ¢â¬â¢t!Ã¢â¬ she hissed loudly. Ã¢â¬Å"Rosalie, Bella is part of this family and you will treat her with respect, do you understand me?Ã¢â¬ CarlisleÃ¢â¬â¢s voice became firm. Ã¢â¬Å"Fine,Ã¢â¬ Rose snapped at us and then stalked away. I could feel the angry satisfaction on my face. IÃ¢â¬â¢m coming with you to hunt James. Maybe we can talk him out of this nonsense and can spare his life, Carlisle thought wishfully. Esme and Bella appeared down the stairs only a few minutes after they went up, both of them changed. It was an odd sensation to smell Bella all over Esme but we were in a hurry so I informed Bella of our plan. Ã¢â¬Å"Esme and Rosalie will be taking your truck, Bella,Ã¢â¬ I said while passing her to grab a cell phone that Carlisle was giving to each family member. Ã¢â¬Å"Alice, Jasper ?C take the Mercedes. YouÃ¢â¬â¢ll need the dark tint in the south.Ã¢â¬ WeÃ¢â¬â¢ll keep her safe, EdwardÃ¢â¬ ¦promise. IÃ¢â¬â¢ll miss you. Alice thought while Jasper silently nodded in approval of the plan. Ã¢â¬Å"WeÃ¢â¬â¢re taking the Jeep,Ã¢â¬ I told Bella. Ã¢â¬Å"Alice,Ã¢â¬ Carlisle asked, Ã¢â¬Å"will they take the bait?Ã¢â¬ Alice closed her eyes while swirls of colors flashed and danced around until she solidly saw their path. Ã¢â¬Å"HeÃ¢â¬â¢ll track you. The woman will follow the truck. We should be able to leave after thatÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"LetÃ¢â¬â¢s go.Ã¢â¬ IÃ¢â¬â¢ll give you a minute, Carlisle thought but there was still a bite of impatience in his thoughts ?C we had to hurry. I rushed over to Bella, not even hesitating while I brought her into my tight embrace, letting her body warm every inch of mine. The monster, desire, was still positively, solidly there. I placed my hand under her chin, bringing her lips to mine. Euphoria splashed through my hectic nerves Ã¢â¬â calming them, though the electricity reminded me that I was doing this for her, that I would die for her Ã¢â¬â to protect her. In seconds the kiss was over and I could feel the slight tearing of my body as I placed her back on the ground. I kept her face in my hands, communicating silently the love I had for her as tears strolled down her pink cheeks, her face eloquent with despair. It was time to go, so I wretched myself away from her and then I was gone, a chill filling my stomach. I ran to the jeep, hoping into the passengerÃ¢â¬â¢s side. Carlisle was driving and Emmett was in the back, we took off, driving north. James caught my scent easily and began chasing after us in the Jeep. I picked up the phone to call Esme. It only rang once, Ã¢â¬Å"Go now,Ã¢â¬ I ordered. I could still here the thoughts of Victoria as we speed away. Rosalie and Esme fired up BellaÃ¢â¬â¢s truck and drove east. Victoria caught the smell of Bella and took off after her truck. I called Alice, even though I was positive she already knew. She answered her phone before it even rang, Ã¢â¬Å"Victoria is on their trail,Ã¢â¬ I informed her. Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s time.Ã¢â¬ How to cite The Twilight Saga 5: Midnight Sun 21. Goodbye, Essay examples
Sunday, December 8, 2019
Elektra product decides to create a new product by pointing Barbara as their manufacturing head to responsible on it. Barbara accepts it as a compliment and starts to work with her team to make a great product. Barbara Russell, Elektras Vice President of Manufacturing, has been tasked by Martin Griffin, Elektras new President, to head one of the teams that will devise a plan to change Elektras management style from a traditional top-down firm to a de-centralized organization that emphasizes employee empowerment in the management process. She and her team did a good preparation until the day of presentation. Martin, who is her boss, interested with the ideas but he didnÃ¢â¬â¢t attend the meeting. Now, Barbara facing the problem to defending her ideas in front of other department head who are not agree with her ideas with many reason based on company data.. Solution Several objectives can come out as a solution for this problem. We will write a custom essay sample on Elektra Product Inc or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page One of the option is the company can restructured the department head or team leader to a new person who can give a hope to their subordinate by giving his/her hard work and ideas. Sometimes an old employee only has a narrow opinion by not accepting a new idea to improve the work flow inside the company. Another option is before Barbara come with the new ideas, the other department head should provide her historical data and information in order to make a decent product. And during creating the products, Barbara should involve the department head when she formulating the ideas before implementing to the new products. Question 1: How might top management have done a better job changing Elektra Products into a new kind of organization? What might they do now to get the empowerment process back on track? Note: Question 1 asks two questions; both must be answered in the response to Question 1. Response: Answer 1 Top management could have included the mid and lower level managers, and employees in the study teams. The study teams should have received instruction on the concept behind empowerment, and how the objective was to have employees at all levels taking responsibility for decision making, at that level, and accepting responsibility for the results. Answer 2 To get the program back on track, Mr. Griffin needs. 1. What theories about motivation underlie the switch from salary to commission pay? Solution: The theory of motivation to stimulate sales performance assumes money is a primary motivator. This form of motivation is based on content theories of motivation. With increased sales commissions, money can satisfy psychological needs, social needs, and self-esteem. Also, the expectancy and equity process theories of motivation can be applied to this situation. According to Expectancy theory, the employee is attracted to the reward being offered and believes he or she can put forth the effort necessary to achieve a level of performance that will lead to that reward (Daft Marcic, 2010). Commission pay is an extrinsic reward that will often increase performance by sales people. Equity theory relates to sales people being compensated for their level of effort, compared to other sales people and the compensation they receive for their level of work (Daft Marcic, 2010).
Saturday, November 30, 2019
Job design in an organization is crucial from various perspectives as it deals with work rearrangement aimed at overcoming any employee dissatisfaction. In respect to this, there is always renewed hope and strength for employee to perform his or her duty successfully (Robertson Smith, 1985).Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Job design in an Organization specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Applying this to any customer service professional, the company will be able to reflect a good picture generally of the whole business system, because when the customers are served with enthusiasm, they are able to develop a unique liking of the company. For this case, considering improvement of working conditions for customer service professional in the credit card company, various ways of restructuring and reorganizing the working system are necessary in order to improve working conditions and also enable good reputation because the customer care provides a link between the customers and the company. As always expected, there must be rewards through better pay package. The incentives that should be offered to the customer care would include getting offered credit cards with low interest rates, a periodic reward of points to the employee when it is revealed that the employee is very much committed to the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s work. There must also be granting of leave for the employee to refresh, especially from a period of a tiresome work session. In addition, there would also be on job training in order to acquire more skills in the credit card business process. The knowledge on the credit card business helps customer care make informed decisions when advising the customers, which may include marketing strategies. There must also be an innovative working environment which is admirable for the employee to work in the company effectively (Parker Wall, 1998). In enhancing job design for the customer service in th e credit card company, both scientific and management practices ought to be practiced. This ensures that both analytic and objective approaches to solving issues in the organization are crucial. The customer care should know exactly his or her role and what is expected from him/her in the job. This enables the creation of clear objectives for the work so that the credit card business is kept operational in a successful way. The customer care must know the set out roles which enhance motivation in whatever is required at all the times.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Incorporating the job characteristic model, the customer care is to know exact identity of the task. This calls for the need to know the exact responsibility that he or she has in the marketing and creation of good relations of the company with the customers. The customer care should also have autonomy. This dete rmines the schedule of the work plan at all given times that should be decided solely by the employee. The skills of performing the work are also very important as a contributing factor for the process of motivating the customer care. The significance of the task allocated is important too because the company knows exactly the expected outcome of the process. Through this, providing positive feedback to the customer care for any good performance is necessary as this is an inspiring factor coming from best job design. The design model should also include room for self expression of the customer care. Through this, all the views are incorporated for the best benefit of the company so as to enable more allocation of credit cards to the customers (Parker Wall, 1998). Finally, improvement of customer careÃ¢â¬â¢s job conditions will enable good performance and develop cordial relations with other customers. Consequently, this reflects good image of the company and more customers in nee d of credit card will register for the services. Through the job design, motivation of the employees is observed because from the school of human relations, a business is taken as a social systems whereby productivity is heavily influenced by emotional and psychological factors of the employees (Parker Wall, 1998). This will finally promote good business. References Parker, S. Wall, D. (1998). Job and work design, organizing work to promote well- being and effectiveness. California: Sage publications. Robertson, I. T. Smith M. (1985). Motivation and Job Design: Theory, research and practice. New York: Hyperion Books.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Job design in an Organization specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This essay on Job design in an Organization was written and submitted by user Callan Edwards to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Tuesday, November 26, 2019
How to Handle a Resume Gap - Conference November 6 in Silicon Valley! Gaps Happen How to handle a Ã¢â¬Å"gapÃ¢â¬ in employment is a frequently discussed and debated topic for job seekers, resume writers and other career professionals. General wisdom is that employers prefer to hire people who are currently employed, or at least who have a consistent work history. But real people make choices based on family obligations and important other human factors that donÃ¢â¬â¢t always match the picture of an Ã¢â¬Å"idealÃ¢â¬ candidate. There are, to be fair, several challenges if you are returning to work after an absence. How can you accurately assess your career options? What steps can you take to build your confidence and sharpen your interview skills? What are some strategies for finding meaningful work? These are all great questions to explore- and none of them have anything to do with a true problem or impossibility in finding work. Nothings Wrong! I do not subscribe to the idea that there is something Ã¢â¬Å"wrongÃ¢â¬ if you took a break from the workforce to raise children, care for an ailing parent, or heal from an illness yourself. These choices prove only that you are a caring, committed human being. I do not necessarily recommend that you reveal the reason for your work sabbatical on your resume, especially if you have significant accomplishments to share from that time period; but I donÃ¢â¬â¢t think itÃ¢â¬â¢s a complete no-no either. I have seen resumes that use an inspiring story of cancer recovery to prove how an executive job seeker attacks every challenge in his life and comes out ahead. I have seen people be explicit about the reason for their work hiatus, and get a great job. Some of my tips for other ways to handle a resume gap can be found in my book, How to Write a WINNING ResumeÃ¢â¬ ¦ 50 Tips to Reach Your Job Search Target, which is FREE on Amazon through Tuesday October 22! Click below to download the book FREE today! November 6th Conference for People Returning to Work I will be speaking at the Connect Work Thrive Conference in the San Francisco Bay Area on resumes and employment gaps, as well as on writing a KILLER LinkedInÃ ® profile, on November 6th. If you are located in California and would like to join me for a day full of top-notch advice and strategies on returning to work, please register for the conference by October 22 (last day for special pricing) to get $50 off the conference priceÃ ($150 off the walk-in price!), PLUS an additional $50 off when you use coupon code ESSAYEXPERT. See the workshop schedule here. At the conference you willÃ¢â¬ ¦ Ã identify and effectively communicate your areas of strength Ã determine resources you need Ã learn successful return-to-work strategies and tactics Ã connect with firms in need of your skills In the long run, if you identify a job thatÃ¢â¬â¢s the right fit, have the necessary skills and knowledge for the position, and present those skills powerfully on your resume, I believe you will likely get an interview even with a resume Ã¢â¬Å"gap.Ã¢â¬ Walk into your interview well-prepared and with confidence, and you can impress even the most skeptical hiring manager to get a meaningful job you truly want.
Friday, November 22, 2019
Essay Writing Advice Structure It Up! Essay Writing Advice: Structure It Up! If you are looking for essay writing advice, look no further. Writing an essay requires that you include the basic elements of a five paragraph essay. Even if your writing task is a bit more involved, the same elements must be included. Introduction When you are writing your introduction you want to pay attention to the exact word choice you have. This is your first and, in some cases, your last opportunity to leave a positive impression on your reader. This is not only where you talk about your subject for the first time, but where you also explain to the reader how you are going to talk about your subject. You should be putting a higher level of energy into your introductory area, totaling about 20% of your overall writing efforts. And if you do this you will be rewarded positively. Body Paragraphs The second step is a body paragraph where you need to present your 1st strongest argument or your best illustration or example. Much like the previous section of your writing assignment, the first sentence needs to have a hook which naturally transitions from the hook located at the end of the previous paragraph. The subject of this paragraph or the main idea needs to be presented in the topic sentence immediately after. You want to make sure that you relate the main idea here to your thesis statement much the same as you did in the previous section. And finally, once you have done this you need to include your transitional hook in order to help the reader move along once again to the 2nd body paragraph. The 2nd body paragraph is where your weaker argument is located and it should be followed after the transitional hook with your topic sentence. Once again the evidence and support that you present need to relate back to your thesis statement. Never assume that the reader will know what you intend to say or will be able to pick up on what you are hinting at. Instead, make sure that you state your purpose explicitly. Once this is done you need to end. With a transitional hook which signals that your final point has been made and that they will now reach the end of your document. Conclusion The conclusion is the end of your writing but it does not serve as an afterthought. The final paragraph is the final opportunity you have to restate your case and it needs to be very rigid in its format. You want to try and paradoxically think of the conclusion as the second introduction because it will contain many of its features. You want each sentence to be well-crafted and you want to make sure you have an effective concluding transition after which you restate your thesis. Remember, the best essay writing advice revolves around laying out each component of the traditional writing tasks, including introductions, body texts, and conclusions. These make up the basic structure of your work. By incorporating all of these components, you can enjoy a well put together essay.
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
Cross-Cultural Management Difference Between France and China - Essay Example Communication can be low context or high context. A high context communication would require minimum use of words as the communicators already have most of the information while a low context communication requires more explicit explanations as the communicators do not have the background information. Usually, people coming from cultures that have close family bonding and a huge network of friends, resort to high context communication with members of their culture. French are relatively high context individuals when compared to the Americans and other North European nationals. Thus, the communication is faster and uses fewer words. However, the flip side of this is that French do not trust other peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s analyses. They want to analyze everything on their own and will keep doing the analysis till they get all the information (to the lowest level of detail) they want (Hall and Hall 1997). The physical position an individual occupies in office determines his perception of power. French prefer to occupy a central position in office and like to be surrounded by subordinates to keep themselves at the locus of an information network (Hall and Hall 1997). Monochronic culture is one in which one activity is done at a time. Time is considered as a valuable asset and one that should not be wasted. Here, time is divided into schedules and only one activity is concentrated during a particular schedule. People from Polychronic cultures do not give too much emphasis to time schedules and indulge in many activities at a time.... However, the flip side of this is that French do not trust other peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s analyses. They want to analyze everything on their own and will keep doing the analysis till they get all the information (to the lowest level of detail) they want (Hall and Hall 1997). Territory The physical position an individual occupies in office determines his perception of power. French prefer to occupy central position in office and like to be surrounded by subordinates to keep themselves at the locus of information network (Hall and Hall 1997). Monochronic and Polychronic culture Monochronic culture is one in which one activity is done at a time. Time is considered as a valuable asset and one that should not be wasted. Here, time is divided into schedules and only one activity is concentrated during a particular schedule. People from Polychronic cultures do not give too much emphasis to time schedules and indulge in many activities at a time. They give more importance to completing human transact ions than adhering to time schedules. French are polychronic people. As a result they are committed to human relations, are easily interrupted and usually have flexile plans (Hall and Hall 1997). Thus, French meetings are characterized by high information flow, not too tight on agenda and participants already aware of what will be discussed in the meeting. The end result of the meeting is thought to bring about a consensus rather than stick to deadlines (Hall and Hall 1997). In short, as French are high context individuals they do not like to be told what to do. They take it as an offence. They also give a lot of importance to style and form. As they are polychronic individuals, they would not mind a person coming late in a meeting, but would
Tuesday, November 19, 2019
Design brief for climate change campaign - Essay Example This will encourage the use of public transportation, which will decrease the amount of carbon emission. People who live and work in Toronto in the 16-50s age group. There are two groups that I will target for this campaign. People who live in Toronto and people who work and go to school in Toronto, but donÃ¢â¬â¢t live in the city. Toronto is a very large and busy city and all of the schools and companies are very clustered. Both groups of people have very busy and fast lifestyles. They do not have much time to read all of the ads around them. People believe that global warming is happening because the media is making a big deal about it. They know something about climate change, but donÃ¢â¬â¢t really know what it can do to us. They do not think that changing their behavior or habits can help to slow down this extreme climate change and vice versa, their lifestyle. Climate change can really harm us. It is our problem and changes in our behavior can slow down this global warming. Using public transportation is one of the solutions in the fight against climate change. Toronto is a really busy area and there are many signs and ads. To stand out from these, this campaign needs to attract audiences through the visual image. The image itself should convey the message that we are in danger if we do not take a action because they do not have time to read all of the texts on the campaign. The competing alternative behavior will be driving their own cars. This can save their time and they do not have to take transportation with a bunch of people they do not know. The cost of take this action would be paying their gas fee. People living in Toronto have very busy lifestyles and daily routines. Therefore, the campaign should be able to deliver the message without further reading of the text. The image should bring out the emotion from my target audience in just a short glance. I want my target audience to feel sorry for the earth and at the same
Saturday, November 16, 2019
Comparison of Classical Homeopathic Methodology and Scholtens Theories Essay Critically evaluate one homeopathic methodology of your choice and compare it with the classical model. Give an account of the assumptions underpinning the method. Briefly discuss possible clinical situations where this method could be indicated and appropriate. In Aphorism 21 Hahnemann wrote that it is Ã¢â¬Å"undeniable that the curative principle in medicines is not in itself perceptibleÃ¢â¬ and that therefore we should Ã¢â¬Å"rely on the morbid phenomena which the medicines produce in the healthy body as the sole possible revelation of their in-dwelling curative powerÃ¢â¬ . Hahnemann, 2001) Although it is possible that here Hahnemann was referring only to the Ã¢â¬Å"Doctrine of SignaturesÃ¢â¬ (whereby it is considered that the shape of the plant reveals its medical properties) since he wished to promote the integrity of medical science, it has been argued that this Aphorism should also be applied to Jan ScholtenÃ¢â¬â¢s theories regarding the Periodic Table and that therefore the use of remedies using ScholtenÃ¢â¬â¢s methods cannot be considered homeopathy. (Habich et al, 2003). Scholten advocates the use of compounds on which there have been no more than Ã¢â¬ËmeditativeÃ¢â¬â¢ or Ã¢â¬ËdreamÃ¢â¬â¢ provings as opposed to physical provings. However although ScholtenÃ¢â¬â¢s work on the periodic table has not promoted the use of physical provings; he originally studied both chemistry and philosophy (for two and three years respectively) and has applied logic to draw a picture of the homeopathic properties of all cations and anions using the periodic table and the compounds which they make. ScholtenÃ¢â¬â¢s work is based on key concepts rather than the individual symptoms from a proving and in his book Homeopathy and Minerals he describes a process called Ã¢â¬ËGroup AnalysisÃ¢â¬â¢. In group analysis all the common symptoms in a family of salts or cations, (such as potassium), or anions (such as the carbonates, chlorides, phosphates and sulphates), are extracted and grouped together. This way of looking at a remedy is in line with classical homeopathy and influenced by KentÃ¢â¬â¢s grouping; for example under the mind section in KentÃ¢â¬â¢s Repertory Ã¢â¬ËimpatienceÃ¢â¬â¢ contains five different potassium salts (kali-ar, kali-bi, kali-c, kali-p and kali-s). In the same way as Kent, from this type of information Scholten would deduce that all the potassium salts would exhibit impatience; a conclusion drawn whether or not an individual potassium salt had been proved or not. Kent had already begun this type of deduction by including a picture of Kali-Silicatum and Kali-arsenicosum from his knowledge of Silica, Arsenicum and the potassium salts in his Lesser Writings. However Scholten expanded on this work and developed key concepts for individual elements: When the individual key concept of a cation and an anion are known he posits that when combined into a single compound the compound can be given a definitive concept by drawing conclusions from the cation or anion characteristics. For example in Kali-carb the themes of duty and pragmatism in a kali, and self worth and hard work in a carbon would be combined to form a picture of principled person doing their duty. (Scholten, 1993). ScholtenÃ¢â¬â¢s work also goes further still and he has divided the periodic table into the horizontal and the vertical for use in homeopathic analysis. The horizontal relates to the number of shells surrounding an atom and these he has categorised into seven different series; Hydrogen Series(one shell), Carbon Series (all those atoms with two outer shells), Silicum (all those with three shells), Ferrum (all those with four shells), Silver (all those with five), Gold (all those with six) and Uranium (all those with seven). He has related these to Themes (Being, I, Other, Work, Ideas, Leaders and Magus), Age (seven stages from foetus to old age), Area (seven stages from spaceless to universe), Sense (from smell to intuition) and Tissue (from skin to Bone marrow). In ScholtenÃ¢â¬â¢s view of the periodic table the eighteen horizontal arrangements which relate to the size of the atom decreasing in size in relation to its density (i. e. density increases) along the periodic table are arranged in a cycle. This cycle he relates to eighteen stages starting with beginning, then steadily moving on through the following seventeen stages; finding space, company, establishing, preparing, proving, practising, perseverance, success in sight, Lord and Master, preserving, division, withdrawal, formal, loss, remembering, the end, letting go, rest and then finally back to beginning. (Scholten, 1993) In this way a fuller picture of the elements and hence the resulting compounds can be drawn. Scholten tells how he first looked at known remedies but the logical order that presented itself meant that he was able to fill in the gaps by making an informed guess as to what should be next in the table, very much like Mendeleev when he was first constructing the chemical periodic table and made correct guesses as to the next in a sequence. (Scholten, 2005) By using these methods group analysis can not only cover particular known salts or anions by can be extended to so a whole series in the periodic table so that each elements unique identity s revealed. It also means that element or compound can be looked at in greater breadth and this can be particularly helpful not only where elements have not received a proving but where they have only received a small proving. Scholten himself also asserts that his remedy pictures are more holistic in that they also show a positive side whilst the traditional provings tend to show mainly the negative side resulting in a picture that is a ca ricatures of the remedy. Scholten, 2009) Although it could perhaps be argued that there is a justification for making assumptions about minerals where the anions and cations in them have received physical provings, meaning that there could be an automatic right to call the use of this homeopathy, it is harder to justify those compounds in which neither anions nor cations have had any physical proving. This is the case with the Lanthanides; here Scholten has made predictions as to the key concepts in these hitherto unused remedies using a combination of meditative provings and assumptions from the work on the periodic table (Scholten, 2005). He argues however that meditative provings not only have a financial advantage over a traditional proving but that there is an advantage in that they are not Ã¢â¬Ëattention dependentÃ¢â¬â¢ or open to disturbances taking place in the life of the prover although he does recognise that a meditative proving will only give a partial picture (Scholten, 2007). In contrast, as well as HahnemannÃ¢â¬â¢s advocacy of relying only on phenomena produced by remedies in healthy bodies in aphorism 143 he also purports that only when a considerable number of medicines have been tested will Ã¢â¬Ëwe have a true materia medicaÃ¢â¬â¢ (Hahnemann, 2001) He lay down exacting guidelines for provings which have today been expanded upon and the European Council for Classical Homeopathy has produced its own set of guidelines issuing safety guidelines and advising on best practice. However it was the clinical success that Scholten first achieved from developing key concepts with previously unknown salts that inspired him in his development of the Periodic table furthering work that was first attempted by Sherr and Sankaran (Scholten, 1993) and which subsquently led to the work on the Lanthanides. These too have been reported to be a valuable homeopathic tool and the clinical successes achieved by their use have been reported in an article published in The Homeopath by Jackie McTaggart. McTaggart). By presenting remedies in a sequential way it also facilitates understanding of remedy relationships, and therefore acts as an aid in choosing follow up remedies or promoting an understanding of how a better choice of remedy could be arrived at. Scholten also points out that although data that does not come from provings is ostensibly frowned upon, by other leading homeopaths, including Vithoulkas much of the data for the polychrests does not come from provings but fr om clinical data. On his website he offers as an example the fact that in Essences of Materia Medica (Vithoulkas, 1991) Vithoulkas gives fifty-two symptoms of Lycopodium whereas in the original provings there are only thirteen symptoms. (Scholten, 2008). This group analysis or thematic prescribing has been criticised for its lack of adherence to physical provings but its basic idea has proved popular. There are homeopaths that having learnt the system, find this way of prescribing simpler and more successful (Watson, 2004) and it has proved popular and widely used enough to be included in the MacReportory. Although still finding acceptance in some quarters Scholtens way of prescribing is very much pointed towards classical prescribing, with its emphasis on definitive holistic concepts. Having only one definitive concept (for example Ferrum Muriaticum being defined as Disciplined Mother) means it would not lend itself to prescriptions that use more than one remedy. Since the concepts employed by Scholten appear to have been primarily developed along psychological themes it would also appear that this method of prescribing does not lend itself to palliative or acute prescribing either. However the beauty of the system is its expansive nature and it could therefore easily be adapted to to both acute situations; for instance beginnings of a cold brought on by over indulgence, or a chronic situation that needed palliating such as advanced bone cancer when one might look to letting go, series seven for bone. Finding concepts for acute situations or those that need palliating could be aided by the Repertory developed by Scholten; it includes 15,000 rubrics and has over 40,000 entries and auguments his previous work; Homeopathy and Minerals and Homeopathy and the Elements written three years later in 1996. It is clear that Scholten recognises that much in homeopathy needs to be updated and he has presented the format of rubrics in a new way with nouns being put first followed by verbs, adjectives and adverbs so that along with a more scientific way of investigating the homeopathic properties of elements and compounds there is a more standardised way of finding the concepts and symptoms too. Scholten does not stop there; in the repertory he also suggests that it is time has come for the old familiar names to make way for a newer system. Being a chemist Scholten would be aware that in the last sixty years there has been a movement headed by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) to standardise the nomenclature of chemicals so that there sequencing can be deduced from their name. It is therefore not surprising that he should also seek to standardise remedy names so that place in the periodic can more readily be understood meaning that it would become easier understand the characteristics of a remedy simply by readings its name. In Ã¢â¬ËStages as a universal principle for differentiationÃ¢â¬â¢ Scholten is also currently looking at how the series and stages relate to the plant and animal kingdoms (Scholten2007) Although tools such as MacRepertory have made it easier to find the correct remedy the standardising effect of Scholtens work should be a great aid for both educators and students of homeopathy should it be looked at more closely. It promotes both greater understanding of remedies, a greater range of remedies from which to choose and also by its logical nature can be an aid in understanding remedy relationships. www. interhomeopathy. org: http://www. interhomeopathy. org/fr-dogmatism-in-homeopathy http://www.interhomeopathy.org/archives-by-category?c=theory
Thursday, November 14, 2019
Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Only a few years ago, Cisco Systems was a struggling company who only the technologically educated had heard of. Today, Cisco Systems ranks as the number one or two company in most Internet technology. Anyone using the Internet today, will use one area or another of Cisco Systems. The driving force behind Cisco is their visionary CEO, John Chambers. How does a man who is dyslexic and doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t understand much of the technology his company makes become so successful in the Internet age? He believes in empowering his employees and surrounds himself with people who do have the technical knowledge. Chambers believes in acquiring companies at an alarming rate to either acquire new technologies or the teams of people who are developing the new technologies. This saves Cisco money and time allowing it to lead the way in the Internet world instead of playing catch up. Chambers also believes in education as a major player in the future success of not only his company , but for the entire country. His vision of doing it first, before the competition, has built Cisco Systems into the giant of the information technology field it is today. Chambers wants Cisco to be the number one or number two company in any area they compete in. If that is not possible, Cisco will not compete in that area. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã John Chambers took over as CEO of Cisco Systems in 1995. Since his rise to power, Cisco has sustained a growth rate 100% per year. One of the reasons for this growth is the kind of people Chambers keeps himself surrounded with. One example of this is Howard Charney, a senior vice-president at Cisco. Charney could be a CEO at another company if he wanted to be. He was co-inventor of the Ethernet and then founded the first 100 megabit-per-second Etehrnet company. Charney later sold the company to Cisco and stayed on with the company. He says he stays because Chambers treats him as an equal and not as an employee. Chambers asks the advice of his officers instead of dictating to them and that is one reason they stay with the company instead of leaving for the competition. Many of the officers at Cisco have worked for other profitable companies in the information technologies field such as Wang, 3Com, etc. This experience coupled with ChambersÃ¢â¬â¢ vision of being t he company in the lead helps Cisco stay in the forefront of technology.
Monday, November 11, 2019
Variable and absorption costing methods are two different costing methods. Almost all successful companies in the world use both methods. Variable costing and absorption costing cannot be substituted for one another because both the systems have their own benefits and limitations (Accounting for management). This paper will complete and discuss exercise 19-17 in Wiley Plus: it will discuss the following questions: In this case, would it be better to use the variable or absorption costing method, and why? In this example Polk Company should use the absorption method, because the absorption only uses overhead that allocates to the 80,000 units sold. Whereas the variable method counts the fixed overhead as a period expense, the fixed overhead during this period is calculated on 95,000 units produced, when the absorption method is used. The variable method just calculates fixed overhead on 80,000 units sold. What are the benefits of the two methods? Both systems have their own benefits and limitations. The absorption method gives management information of product cost this is the main benefit of the absorption method. The benefit of the variable method is it gives an output the mimics the cash flow of the company. Which method would lead to the best decision when a competitor is submitting a lower bid for your product? The absorption method would be best although both methods are used, with variable costing expenses remains the same, and with the absorption method fixed production cost are period cost. Variable costing method helps with demand based pricing. References Accounting for management. (n.d.). Variable costing versus absorption costing. Retrieved from http://www.accountingformanagement.org/variable-vs-absorption-costing/
Saturday, November 9, 2019
The shortest definition of Marketing Management is Ã¢â¬Å"Meeting Needs ProfitablyÃ¢â¬ . Whose Needs ? Ã¢â¬â The needs of the people, or the customers or consumers, Who is trying to meet ? Ã¢â¬â The Producer, Marketer or the Company, What is the Objective ? Ã¢â¬â With profit to the company, & satisfaction to the customers. What Is Marketed Marketing people are involved in marketing the following 10 types of entities Ã¢â¬â Goods Ã¢â¬â Physical products, consumer products, consumer durables Services Ã¢â¬â Transport, repair & maintenance, legal, financial, consultancy, hotel, specialised skills Events Ã¢â¬â Trade shows, sports, world cups, vintage car rally, fashion shows, artistic performance Experiences Ã¢â¬â Theatres, opera, Disney-world, trekking, ocean cruise, cinema, music concerts Persons Ã¢â¬â Celebrity marketing, film stars, politicians, artists, performers, advertisers Places Ã¢â¬â Cities, states, countries for tourism, leisure & place for industrialisation & business Properties Ã¢â¬â Ownership of tangible properties like real estate, house, apartment, farm house, precious metals and intangible properties like financial portfolio of various securities Organisations Ã¢â¬â Building up identity, image, reputation, and value in the minds of consumers Information Ã¢â¬â It can be produced , packaged & marketed as a product Ã¢â¬â text books, encyclopaedias, magazines & journals on literature, science, technology, medicine info, available thru internet Ideas Ã¢â¬â The concept regarding a utility, business opportunity, advertising / marketing ideas, scientific & technical, social, financial, psychological etc. Marketing Concepts The Marketing concepts under which organisations have conducted marketing activities include : Exchange Concept Ã¢â¬â Exchange of goods and services between two agencies called buyer and seller, or exchange of goods and services for money or barter system. Production Concept Ã¢â¬â Widely available and inexpensive, high production efficiency Product Concept Ã¢â¬â Quality, performance, utility, innovative features etc. Selling Concept Ã¢â¬â Aggressive selling and promotion effort. Ã¢â¬Å"The purpose of marketing is to sell more stuff to more people more often for more money in order to make more profitÃ¢â¬ . Marketing Concept Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å"Products/ProductionÃ¢â¬ oriented concept ( make & sell ) has changed to Ã¢â¬Å"ConsumerÃ¢â¬ oriented concept ( sense & respond ). Instead of Ã¢â¬Å"huntingÃ¢â¬ marketing is gardeningÃ¢â¬ . The job is not to find the right customer for the products, but the right products for the customers. The perceptive contrast between the selling and marketing concepts Ã¢â¬â selling focuses on the needs of the seller, marketing on the needs of the buyer. Holistic Marketing Concept Ã¢â¬â Marketers in the current age are increasingly recognising the need to have a more complete & cohesive approach that goes beyond traditional application of marketing concepts. This concept is based on the development, design and implementation of marketing programs, processes and activities that recognise their breadth and inter-dependencies. Holistic Marketing recognises that Ã¢â¬Å"everything mattersÃ¢â¬ with marketing Ã¢â¬â and that a broad integrated perspective is often necessary. The important components are : Integrated Marketing, Internal Marketing, Relationship Marketing, Social Responsibility Marketing. We shall discus each one of these in the following. Trends In Marketing Practices The marketplace is not the same as it used to be. It is rapidly changing as a result of major, sometimes interlinking societal forces that have created new behaviours, new opportunities & new challenges, such as : Globalisation, Deregulation, Privatisation, Technological Advances, The Internet Revolution, Customer Empowerment, Customisation, Market Fragmentation, Hightened Competition, Retail Transformation, etc. In response to this rapidly changing environments companies have restructured their business & marketing practices in some of the following ways : Reengineering : Appointing teams to manage customer-value-building processes & break down walls between departments. Outsourcing : Greater willingness to buy more goods & services from outside domestic or foreign vendors. Benchmarking : Studying Ã¢â¬Å"best practice companiesÃ¢â¬ to improve performance. Supplier Partnering : Increased partnering with fewer but better value-adding suppliers. Customer Partnering : Working more closely with customers to add value to their operation. Merging : Acquiring or merging with firms in the same or complementary industries to gain economy of scale & scope. Globalising : Increased effort to Ã¢â¬Å"Think Global & Act LocalÃ¢â¬ . Flattening : Reducing the number of organisational levels to get closer to the customers. Focusing : Determining the most profitable business & customers & focusing on them. Accelerating :Designing the organisation & setting up processes to respond more quickly to changes in the environment. Empowering : Encouraging & empowering personnel to produce more ideas & take more initiative. Accordingly the role of marketing organisation is also changing. Traditionally, the marketers have played the role of middlemen between the customers & the various functional areas of the organisation. In a networked enterprise, every functional area can interact directly with customers. Thus marketing needs to integrate all the customer-facing processes so that customers a single face (Integrated Marketing) & hear a single voice (Integrated Marketing Communications) when they interact with the company. Integrated Marketing One of the major tasks of marketers is to Ã¢â¬Å"integrateÃ¢â¬ all the marketing activities & programmes like Ã¢â¬Å"creatingÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"communicatingÃ¢â¬ & Ã¢â¬Å"deliveringÃ¢â¬ value to the customers. The Famous Marketing Mix Ã¢â¬â the Four Ps, as devised by McCarthy constitute the traditional marketing activities in four broad groups as given below in details : Products Ã¢â¬â Design, Features, Brand Name, Models, Style, Appearance, Quality, Warranty, Package (design, type, material, size, appearance & labelling), Service ( pre-sale, after sale, service standards, service charges), Returns. Price Ã¢â¬â Pricing Policies, List Price, Margins, Discounts, Rebates, Terms of Delivery, Payment Terms, Credit Terms, Instalment Purchase Facility, Resale Price, Maintenance prices. Place Ã¢â¬â Channels of Distribution ( channel design, types of intermediaries, location of outlets, channel remuneration, dealer-principle relation, etc.), Physical Distribution (transportation, warehousing, inventory levels, order processing, etc.) Promotion Ã¢â¬â Personal Selling, Selling Expertise, Size of Sales Force, Quality of Sales Force, and Marketing Communications Ã¢â¬â Advertising (media-mix, media vehicles, and programmes), sales promotions, publicity & public relations, direct & interactive marketing). Now, these traditional concepts of Four Ps represent the sellersÃ¢â¬â¢ view of the marketing tools available to influence buyers. In holistic marketing one has to see also the buyersÃ¢â¬â¢ point of view, where each of these tools will deliver the customersÃ¢â¬â¢ benefit or value. Robert Lauterborn suggested the buyersÃ¢â¬â¢ Four Cs as follows : Product = Customer Solution, Price = Customer Cost, Place = Convenience, Promotion = Communication Thus the successful companies are those who can meet (1) customer needs (2) economically, (3) conveniently & (4) with effective communication. Two broad concepts of integrated marketing are as follows : Several different marketing activities are used to create, communicate & deliver customer value, All marketing activities coordinated to maximise their joint efforts. Or in other words, the design & implementation of one activity is done with all other activities in mind. The business of running a successful organisation is to integrate the system for management of demand, resources & network. Integrated marketing communication is a case in point. Internal Marketing Internal marketing ensures that everyone in the organisation adopts appropriate marketing principles and the top management should see it happen. This is the management task of hiring, training & motivating the employees to serve the customers well. Smart & successful companies understand that there is as much activity outside the company as inside. For it makes no sense to promise excellent services before the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s service staff is ready to provide. Internal marketing must happen in two levels as follows : At the first level, all the marketing functions like, sales force, market research, customer service, product management, advertising, etc. must go together, i.e., all the personnel should work in tandem or unison for common goal. At the second level, Ã¢â¬Å"marketingÃ¢â¬ must be embraced by other departments for a common goal of the organisation. All the relevant functional departments like Finance, HR, Operations, Logistics, Systems, etc. must coordinate each other to have a marketing orientation. Only trying to meet individual departmentÃ¢â¬â¢s target & norms and not supporting the marketing objectives will take the company nowhere. One has to bear in mind that itÃ¢â¬â¢s marketing that earns revenue. Internal marketing requires that everyone in the organisation buy into the concepts & goals of marketing, and engage themselves in selecting, creating, communicating & delivering customer value. Only when all the employees realise that their jobs are to create, serve & satisfy the customers does the company become an effective marketer. Relationship Marketing The development of deep, enduring relationships with all the people or firms involved directly or indirectly in the firmÃ¢â¬â¢s marketing activities is appearing as a key goal; of marketing. This is the concept of Relationship marketing Ã¢â¬â it aims at building mutually satisfying long-term relationships with key parties like customers, financiers, suppliers, distributors & of course the stakeholders, in order to earn & retain their business. It also builds strong economic, technical & social binding amongst the parties. There are four key constituents of marketing are : Customers Employees Marketing Partners : Channels, Suppliers, Distributors, Dealers, Retailers, Agencies, etc. Financial Community : Shareholders, Stakeholders, Financiers, Investors, Analysts, etc. Another key constituent is the Society : well-wishers, scientists, professors, environmentalists. The ultimate goal of relationship marketing is the building of a unique company asset called a marketing network, which consists of the company & its supporting stakeholders as listed above with whom it has built manual profit relationships. Interestingly, today, the competition is not between companies as such, but between the carefully built marketing networks Ã¢â¬â whoever has a better network wins. So the principle is simple Ã¢â¬â build an effective network, & the profits will follow. But the practice is not so. The development & building of a strong relationship requires a deep understanding of the capabilities & resources of different groups as well as their needs, goals & desires. Relationship marketing involves the right kind of relationships with right constituent groups, like Customer Relationship Management (CRM) with customers, Partner Relationship Management (PRM) with other partners. Since these being separate subjects themselves, are beyond the scope of this article. Social Responsibility Marketing Holistic marketing incorporates social responsibility marketing. This involves broader concerns of the society at large, like social, legal, ethical & environmental in the context of marketing activities. Companies operate in a society, and so do their customers and hence they should never forget its contribution to the company. It requires that marketers carefully consider the role they are playing in terms of social welfare. Companies need to evaluate whether they are truly practicing ethical & socially responsible marketing. Several factors are driving the companies to practice higher level of corporate social responsibility, such as : Rising customer expectations, Changing employees expectations, Govt. Legislation & pressure, Investor interest in social criteria, Changing business procurement criteria. Business success and continually satisfying the customers & other stakeholders are closely linked to adoption & implementation of high standard of business & marketing conduct. The most admired companies in the world adhere to a code of serving peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s interests, not only there own. The following are the most important factors of socially responsible marketing : Legal Behaviour : Companies operate within the law of the land, and they must impart the employees with adequate knowledge of law & how to practice them. We have Govt. laws, Society laws, and the organisations must ensure the employees know & observe relevant law, and restrain themselves from practicing illegal, antisocial, corruptive, anticompetitive practices. Ethical Behaviour : Companies must evolve & adopt a properly written code of conduct based on the social & cultural ethics, decency, tradition & legal practices, and ensure that all concerned are responsible in observing these guidelines. Today customers are well aware of the social, cultural, ecological & environmental affairs in their day-to-day lives. Social Responsibility Behaviour : As said above, the customers also want to know what the firmÃ¢â¬â¢s contribution to the society is, or what the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s social conscience is while dealing with customers & the stakeholders. Cause Related Marketing : Contribution to the society can be enormous, and hence companies choose a particular area of society for a particular cause. The examples are : Health awareness Ã¢â¬â Heart Diseases, AIDS, Cancer, Diabetic, Obesity, Old age, etc. Running childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s home, old age home, rehabilitation centre, womenÃ¢â¬â¢s home, etc. Infrastructure Ã¢â¬â rural housing, hospitals, preserving archaeological places, maintaining roads & parks, homes for endangered species; Educational scholarship for the poor & needy, higher education facility, Institutes; Treatment for destitute, food for the starving; Information legal & technical help during the hour of need; Volunteerism & Philanthropy. The list can be endless. Reputed companies even have their own charitable trusts, and also have special cause related marketing plans. Cause-related marketing is the concept where the specific cause is directly or indirectly linked to the particular revenue transaction. The company has at least one non-economic social objective and uses the revenue generated from the designated sales. This concept is also known as Corporate Societal Marketing (CSM). The CSM can include other activities like traditional & strategic philanthropy & volunteerism. Social Marketing : Some marketing is conducted to directly address a social problem or cause. Social marketing is done mainly by NGOs, Non-Profit or Govt. organisations to further a cause, such as Ã¢â¬Å"No smokingÃ¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"Say NO to DrugsÃ¢â¬ , etc. The Holistic Marketing Matrix Integrated Marketing Ã¢â¬â Products & Services, Communications, Channels Internal Marketing Ã¢â¬â Top Management, Marketing Department, Other Department Relatioship Marketing Ã¢â¬â Customers, Partners, Channels Social Responsibitity Marketing Ã¢â¬â Community, Legal, Ethics, Environment The Future of Marketing Ã The top management is slowly recognising that the marketing in the older method is getting wasteful and is demanding more accountability. There are a number of imperatives (must do) to achieve marketing excellence, as presented below : Marketers must Ã¢â¬â be Ã¢â¬Å"HolisticÃ¢â¬ and not in bits & parts, i.e., not sectional or departmental. achieve larger influence in the company if they are to be the main architect of business strategies. continuously create new ideas if the company is to prosper in a hyper-competitive economy. strive for customer insight & treat customers differently, but appropriately. build their brands thru performance, more than thru promotion. go electronic & win thru building superior information & communication systems. In these ways, modern marketing will continue to evolve & confront new challenges & opportunities. As a result, the coming years will see the demise of Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬â & the rise of : The Demise of The Rise of The marketing department Holistic marketing Free-spending marketing ROI (return on investment) marketing Marketing intuition Marketing science Manual marketing Automated marketing Mass marketing Precision marketing To become truly holistic in marketing & achieve these changes, what the marketers need are a new set of skills, competencies in the following areas of expertise. Customer Relationship management Partner Relationship management Database Marketing & Data-mining Contact Centre Marketing & Telemarketing Public Relation Marketing including Event & Sponsorship Marketing Brand-building & Brand-asset Management Integrated Marketing Communications Profitability Analysis by Segment, Customer, Channel Experiential Marketing Conclusion The Nineteenth century American author Ralph Waldo Emerson had said, Ã¢â¬Å"This time like all times is a good one, if we but know what to do with itÃ¢â¬ . Thus, the exciting time for marketing has arrived now. And also, in the relentless pursuit of marketing superiority & dominance, new concepts, rules, tools & practices are ever emerging. There are a number of benefits of successful twenty-first-century marketing. All we need are hard work, insight, right application of mind & tools, inspiration, perseverance & of course a willingness to achieve greater heights.
Thursday, November 7, 2019
The Issue of Workplace Equity Introduction Work equity is a major issue affecting most organizations around the world, regardless of whether they are public or private institutions. While everybody prefers being treated equally at workplace, there are numerous cases when employees are not treated with fairness, to a level of public concern.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The Issue of Workplace Equity specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Such cases have prompted the formulation of laws in different countries to deal with cases of unequal treatment especially in public organizations. Such laws define the manner in which workers are supposed to be treated, without favoritism in executing leadership or managerial authority (Peetz et al. 406). This paper explores the issue of workplace equity, focusing on a wide-range of aspects like its background, benefits, disadvantages, and challenges among others. Background Workplace equity is a broad aspect of man agement, which ensures that there is fair representation of people in an organization. This therefore means that workplace equity can be described variedly, depending on parameters of representation. In most cases, workplace equity strives to ensure that the minority groups are well-considered in all aspects of employment, starting with the manner in which employees are recruited to how they perform their duties (Peetz et al. 406). In order to comply with laws and create a positive public image, most institutions offer equal chances for men and women in cases where there are vacant positions to be occupied. Even though this is the case, some countries may have cultural beliefs, which limit the opportunities of members of a particular gender. Under such circumstances, women are known to suffer most because nearly all societies limit the opportunities of women. Besides gender, workplace equity ensures that people with disabilities are treated equally with dignity and respect, regardle ss of their physical situations. Since disabled people are limited, it is important for institutions to have a fair approach, starting with recruitment, training, remuneration, and overall relationship between employees and employers.Advertising Looking for essay on labor law? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More People with disabilities can compete effectively if they are provided with the physical aid that they may require (Anenson 1). This ensures that tasks assigned to them are well-done within the provided time. In other words, institutions have the obligation of providing facilities, which promote the effectiveness of disabled people with regard to hiring and performance of different tasks at workplace. Another factor which determines workplace equity is race, especially in cases where the society is made up people from different ethnic backgrounds. In order for this to happen, it is important to consider potential candidates fairly during recruitment, training, and payment. Where equality is not observed, minority ethnic groups may be disadvantaged due to poor representation in different government institutions (Anenson 1). While private organizations may have customized approaches, relating to the hiring of employees and their retention, public firms need to exercise high degree of fairness to the entire country. Although it is not easy for an entire institution to be fair to all employees in every aspect, it is the responsibility of senior managers to be the ambassadors of equity in all their decisions and actions at workplace. Theory of equity The issue of workplace equity has been discussed by various theorists and experts throughout history. Following such surveys and researches, John Stacey Adams proposed ideas, which have found significant application in the understanding of quality at workplace. In his theory, Adams mainly addressed the issue of equity in relation to motivation of emp loyees in an organization. His findings have been found to match with those of other psychologists like Charles Handy and Maslow among other experts in the field (Pravin 316). According to Adams, equity at workplace plays a major role in defining an employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s attitude towards his or her work. In other words, the theory has a wider view of certain factors that are likely to affect the entire workforce, even though a few people might be directly affected. This can be qualified based on the fact that fairness and equity are defined in comparison with how other employees are treated under the same working conditions. Furthermore, fair treatment motivates workers, because they feel appreciated for their efforts in advancing the aims and objectives of the organization (Pravin 316). In describing workplace equity, Adams focused on what people give and receive in return as inputs and outputs respectively. Inputs may include skills and energy, which employees use in performing their tasks, assigned by the management of the organization (Pravin 316). Nevertheless, such efforts are not offered free-of-charge, especially in cases where a person has been hired to receive outputs after offering specified services.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The Issue of Workplace Equity specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In this context, it is equally important that to note that inputs go beyond the number of hours people spend at their workplaces. Similarly, outputs comprise of other factors beyond money, which is viewed by most people as the sole output. The main focus of the theory is the state of those we compare ourselves with in order to establish whether they are treated fairly or not. According to the theory, there are several factors within a workplace, which determine the source of motivation for most people, working in any institution. It is for this reason that people tend to establish a balance betwe en what is given and the reward received as a result of effort and skills. Through comparison with others, people develop better relationships with friends and colleagues as a way of understanding personal fairness at workplace. Most people get affected when they realize that their workmates are being treated in a different manner (Pravin 316). The response is likely to be negative in cases where their colleagues are rewarded with better terms as compared to what they earn. This can be used to understand why employees get discouraged when a section of the workforce is exempted from pay-rise or promotion. In understanding workplace equity, it is essential to note that people respond to unfair treatment at workplace differently, depending on the impact of varied treatment accorded to employees. Discouragement and total hatred are common in cases where a person learns that the kind of rewards offered are less than those given to another group yet they belong to the same professional le vel (Pravin 316). Workplace Equity in Canada Workplace equity is highly encouraged in Canada, to ensure that nobody is treated unfairly for reasons, which are not related to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s ability. The success of equity starts with identifying various forms of discrimination in public institutions before addressing ways of overcoming them. As mentioned before, women, Aboriginals, and those with disabilities are highly prone to unfair treatment while at work (Zanko 73). In order to promote workplace equity, it is important to establish a way of dealing with the vice and the ability to accommodate people with differences.Advertising Looking for essay on labor law? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Canada is one of the countries with a proud history of workplace equity. In 1970s, the country witnessed wide-spread efforts in support of human rights law, which addressed intentional discrimination. During this time, most Canadians found it hard to secure employment because of existing barriers, which they had to deal with. There was need for a proactive approach in promoting employment opportunities through change of practices and culture (Zanko 73). It was until 1978 that the government introduced an affirmative action for the private sector. Nevertheless, these efforts bore little fruits as it turned out that employers had not initiated programs to deal with workplace equity. As a result, the Royal Commission on Equity in Employment was established, chaired by Judge Rosalie Abella. The commission recommended a mandatory program known as Employment Equity, which recognized women, Aboriginals, and disabled people as the designated groups in the country (Zanko 73). The Employment Equity Act The first Employment Equity Act was ratified in 1986 before it was amended in 1995. The main purpose of the act, which is upheld to-date, is to promote workplace equity in Canada through equal employment and promotion opportunities for all citizens (Catano 80). In essence, the act ensures that there is full representation of the designated groups in public institutions, based on the needs of the market and the availability of those seeking employment. In order for the act to be effectively implemented, employers are required to eliminate all forms of employment barriers against minorities, emanating from unauthorized practices and policies. Additionally, employers are supposed to make adjustments within their systems in order to reflect equal representation within the workforces based on eligibility, geography and qualifications (Catano 80). Even though the sole purpose of establishing the Employment Equity Program is to improve the representation of designated groups in the labor force, it is worth noting that there are benefits, which employers experience as a result of implementing such programs. The following segment discusses some of these benefits. Advantages of workplace equity to employers The first benefit of promoting workplace equity is that it enhances large markets for goods and services. This is based on the fact that the success of any organization or business is based on its continuous expansion of its customer base (Bailyn 97). The rise in globalization in the 21st century has led to a significant shift in demographic trends around the world. An institution, which is committed to expansion, ought to widen its scope of customers and employees in order to take advantage of the growing market. Large markets increase the demand for what is being produced thus creating the need for higher levels of institutional production. Besides the expansion of a countryÃ¢â¬â¢s market, workplace equity promotes an expanded labor pool to meet the ne eds of the country. For instance, when equal opportunities are given to all the citizens for specific positions, the government gets an opportunity to select the best candidates from a variety of applicants (Bailyn 100). It is paramount to note that minorities in the society may also possess relevant skills, which could be needed in a given sector. However, their skills and knowledge can only be recognized if they are considered during recruitment and equal treatment at workplace. A larger pool of talents ensures that the hiring institution gets a wide-range of options in order to meet the ever-changing needs of the market due to evolving technology and market trends. Another important benefit of workplace equity is that it promotes good public relations. Institutions, which are known for unfair treatment of its employment, are likely to develop a negative public image, which may have far-reaching effects on its performance and future expansion opportunities (Cadrain 44). In most ca ses, citizens are keen to identify with institutions, which seem to address existing employment hardships in the market by offering equal opportunities to potential candidates. As good corporate citizens, such institutions are likely to win the confidence and trust of its employees. Since public institutions carry the image of the government, workplace equity further presents a positive and likeable image of the government. Through such initiatives, citizens are able to witness the commitment of the government in promoting equity among people with different needs in the society (Cadrain 44). As a result, the public would be more patriotic and willing to defend their nation because of the equal opportunities it endeavors to offer within the labor market. Furthermore, workplace equity guarantees better legal benefits, especially in countries where employers are required by law to consider all designated groups of people during hiring and at work. Institutions, which do not comply with the legal requirements, regarding equity, are likely to pay hefty fines or face the punishment recommended by the federal government, which may include sanctions and limited operating space (Budd 2). When an institution remains committed to workplace equity, it means that there will be no complaints from employees and the public. In addition, workplace equity promotes motivation among employees. In other words, they feel recognized by their employers and remain committed to performing their tasks effectively. Besides this, institutions are able to minimize retention costs since employees will be satisfied with working conditions (Budd 2). For this reason, most of them will not have the urge to resign or seek better opportunities elsewhere. As a result, organizations minimize their turnover, thus avoiding unnecessary expenditure on hiring and training of new employees frequently. Besides the retention of employees, workplace equity plays a major role in pulling qualified candidates who get attracted to the organization because of its fair treatment of employees. Talented people usually prefer working in places where they are treated with dignity regardless of their shortcomings. Additionally, they value how their colleagues are treated, in order to establish the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s fairness in handling its employees (International Labor Organization 63). When talented people get attracted to an organization, high skilled manpower is guaranteed to drive the firmÃ¢â¬â¢s performance in a competitive world. This further ensures that labor needs are met with minimal expenses, which are commonly incurred in advertising jobs, hiring, and training. Through such savings, a firm gets an allowance to expand its operations and improve its services without spending a lot of money. Government Role in Workplace Equity In understanding workplace equity, it is imperative to note that it can only be achieved with collective responsibility. In other words, it calls upon the input of the government, individual institutions, and citizens to ensure that employees are treated fairly. For instance, the governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s role ranges from the formulation to the implementation of laws, which promote equity at workplaces in the country. In essence, the government drafts laws, describing the need for workplace equity, designated groups, penalties for defaulters, and the implementation process (International Labor Organization 63). Without such initiatives by the government, it would be hard for institutions to promote equity at different workplaces. Besides formulating laws, which govern workplace equity, the government is mandated to ensure that the laws are followed as stipulated in the act. In other words, no achievements would be realized if no mechanisms are instituted to enhance the implementation process (Zanko 73). In most cases, governments adopt compliance review, which allows institutions to present their progress in terms of workplace equity. Similarly, follow-up compliance review may be undertaken as a way of assessing the efforts initiated by institutions in implementing workplace equity plans. Depending on the provisions of the law, compliance reviews can take place after a definite period of time, say, after every two years or randomly, to ensure that employers remain committed to complying with the law. The government also plays a pivotal role in initiating reviews of the law, in order to address the changing needs of the labor market and the dynamic demographic patterns. Such reviews are important in addressing new issues and eliminating errors, which may have been witnessed during the implementation of the laws (Zanko 73). Moreover, through its implementation, the government takes legal action against those who do not comply with the law through court decisions or fines as stipulated by the law. Such legal actions discourage other institutions from engaging in practices, which go against the law. In addition, the government creates awareness among its citizens in order for them to understand their rights. Public education is therefore necessary in enlightening the public and the employers on the need of having a fair working environment. Through such forums, citizens also realize their responsibility in the overall process of implementing employment equity programs (Zanko 73). Importantly, this education ensures that the public is aware of the designated groups of people, and how they ought to be represented at workplace. In essence, it would be hard for an employee to realize the unfairness of the manager if the rights of workers are not known. On the other hand, an enlightened citizen can easily evaluate the performance of an institution, depending on established parameters. Workplace Equity Challenges Whilst workplace equity has a wide range of advantages, it has been found that its implementation is faced with various challenges, which may vary from one institution or country to another. For insta nce, some institutions resist equity programs because they believe that the quality of people hired is likely to be compromised. While this may be the case, it has been argued that the presence of a limited characterization of potential candidates further complicates the issue (Gottfried and Laura 256). In some cases, employers tend to ignore the immense role of employee diversity during recruitment and the manner in which the management relates with its employees. When qualified candidates do not portray fair representation with regard to existing designated groups, it becomes hard for the institution to comply with employment regulations. This is also based on the fact that one cannot be forced to apply for a given job position, merely because he or she belongs to a minority group. Another challenge emanates from the perception of most disadvantaged people who resist being considered in a special way because of their shortcomings. Others argue that such appointments and promotions are likely to promote stigma and discrimination against the minorities in the society (Gottfried and Laura 256). Since disadvantaged people may have equal needs with other groups of people, there is usually a likelihood of people thinking in terms of favoritism. In this line of thought, promotions done within such a context may be considered to be biased. Implementation of workplace equity challenges also face public and private organizations, some of which may have streamlined command structures. In particular, implementation of such programs highly require the input of senior managers, who have to be convinced exhaustively about the value of intended moves in advancing the agenda of the firm. This has been found to be hard especially in organizations, which are characterized by decentralization and cultural diversity (International Labor Organization 63). When the organization is highly diverse, a single policy on workplace equity may not be effective in promoting equal represent ation of designated groups of people. In some cases, professionals believe in their autonomy, a state, which cannot easily be changed by allowing disadvantaged people to join them. Similarly, most equity efforts around the world face intersectional challenges. For instance, a program, which is aimed at increasing the number of women, may end up recruiting more white women than black (Peetz et al. 406). Furthermore, efforts to promote gender equity face a wide-range of challenges in cases where the workplaces are dominated by men, coming from traditional societies that undermine women. In such a state, it might be hard to convince employees and other managers about the need for gender equality at workplace. Nevertheless, religious diversity equally plays a major role in implementing workplace equity in most parts of the country. This is widely common in cases where faith intersects with sexuality, thus limiting fairness in handling employees. For instance, traditional religionists co nsider homosexuality and gender non-conformity as sinful and harmful. In the event that a workplace is dominated by such employees, who strongly subscribe to religion, it would be hard to accommodate people with contradictory behavior and religious standards (Peetz et al. 406). Even though, there have been efforts to promote equality, discrimination of this nature is still common in most parts of the world. Resistance of this nature is usually strong in cases where the condemnation comes from a traditional Christian or ethno-religious minorities. Workplace Equity and Politics It is evident that politics play a major role in country, especially in making national decisions and formulation of laws. Based on this, it is important to consider the impact of politics in addressing the issue of workplace equity. Leaders of political parties may influence the kind of laws to be ratified in promoting employment equity. Importantly, politicians primarily influence the society through decision s taken by the government in implementing and reviewing workplace equity rules (Peetz et al. 406). It is therefore important for such leaders to understand the need for equity and existing factors to be addressed by managers in public and private institutions when recruiting, promoting and relating with employees. In rare cases, some employees or potential candidates may be discriminated based on their political affiliations. Even though this might be the case, people have the freedom to belong to a given political party without being undermined at their workplaces. The future of Workplace Equity With the changing labor needs and demographic patterns, the world is likely to experience an array of changes regarding workplace equity. This will also be determined by the growing awareness of different designated groups of people in the society and the need of treating them with dignity. For instance, governments around the world identify the classes of people who require consideration d uring recruitments, training, remuneration, and promotions (Bailyn 97). This is likely to be achieved through public awareness, which equally helps minorities to champion their rights in a competitive working environment. Monitoring of public institutions is likely to improve, especially with advanced technology. During follow-up and compliance review, better methods can be employed in order to obtain a more accurate view of how different managers consider employment equity while running public institutions (Anenson 10). A good example would be the use of the internet to carry out online surveys in order to determine the achievements realized in promoting fair treatment of workers. Online surveys may save time since the process does not involve the movement of supervisors from one place to another. Recommendations As seen from the case of Canada, legislation plays a major role in promoting workplace equity in the world. In essence, it gives expansive guidelines on how institutions a re supposed to address the issue of minorities in their labor forces. Of great significance is the need for these legislative statutes to be expanded in order to address the changing demographic patterns like the growing number of lesbians, gay, bisexual and transgendered (Cadrain 44). With regard to compliance, the review should address all questions of representation at all levels within the hierarchy of the institution. Additionally, these legislations ought to be tougher in order to compel institutions to consider equal representation of demographic constituents of a given society or country. Additionally, massive public education is highly recommended in equipping the masses with knowledge about workplace equity. Even though one may belong to a group of minorities, it might not be easy for them to push for their rights in terms of being treated by the employer (Budd 2). Through training forums, people will understand the meaning and implication of workplace equity. Besides equi pping the public, managers need to be trained in order to implement workplace equity laws effectively. This would also help them in understanding the fines and consequences of breaching the law. Conclusion From the above analysis, it is evident that workplace equity remains a debatable issue in most parts of the world. Oftentimes, workplace equity is encouraged to motivate employees and bridge the gap among employees. Of great significance is the fact that workplace equity has a wide-range of benefits, which enhance the performance and growth of institutions. For instance, organizations are able to retain employees, develop a larger market and promote cultural diversity. On the other hand, the process of implementing workplace equity has always been faced with challenges, including cultural and religious differences. Additionally, equal representation of various minority groups may be hampered by the attitude of employees. Nevertheless, the effectiveness of workplace equity can be a chieved through several approaches, including but not limited to training, public awareness, strong legislation, and compliance review strategies. Above all, the success of workplace equity requires collective responsibility for all the parties involved. Anenson, Leigh. The Role Of Equity In Employment Noncompetition Cases. American Business Law Journal 42.1 (2005): 1-63. Print. Bailyn, Lotte. Redesigning Work For Gender Equity And Work-Personal Life Integration. Community, Work Family 14.1 (2011): 97-112. Print. Budd, John. 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